Behaviourism may be seen from either the theoretical or clinical points of view. In general, behaviourist theories are based on the principle that all ‘abnormal’ behaviour is learned and maintained in the same way as so-called ‘normal’ behaviour and is the result of learning processes. The three main approaches of behaviour therapy are: 1. applied behaviour analysis; 2. the neo-behaviourist model of the mediation of the stimulus and response; and, 3. socio-cognitive theory.

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